NFSI 2020 Lead-up Events
Event 1: A talk on Ramarajya as the Desired Future for the Entire World: Review of Sw. Karpatraji's Life and Works
As a lead-up to the 4th edition of the International Conference on New Frontiers in Sanskrit and Indic Knowledge (NFSI) 2020, Chinmaya Vishwavidyapeeth organised a talk on ‘Ramarajya as the Desired Future of the Entire World: Review of Sw. Karpatraji’s Works and Vision’ on 22 October 2020. Mr. G. V. Pranav Kumar Vasishta, Independent Researcher, Poornapamati, was the speaker.
This was the first among the lead-up events comprising a series of talks and paper presentations leading up to the NFSI Conference. The talk followed the line of argument of ‘How people who were dispassionate about life viewed the ideas of Dharma and Niti’. The speaker highlighted the categorical thinking of Sw. Karpatraji, as opposed to the consequentialism deep entrenched in contemporary jurisprudence and policy thinking.
‘How did Ramarajya, which focused on Varnashrama, emphasise the realisation of Purusharthas of every human being?’; ‘If Samudradharana is considered antithetic to Dharma, how can foreign ministries function in a government?’ were some of the interesting questions discussed. The speaker presented how Sw. Karpatraji has addressed these questions through his works and his life as well.
The talk was aimed at introducing the method and thought process of Sw. Karpatraji to the people, for them to appreciate, contemplate and reflect upon.
Event 2: Online Vakyartha Sabha on लोकतः अर्थप्रयुक्ते शब्दप्रयोगे शास्त्रेण धर्मनियमः क्रियते
Prof. Ganeshwar Nath Jha made an exemplary Vakyartha on the second vartika of Vyakarana that is लोकतः अर्थप्रयुक्ते शब्दप्रयोगे शास्त्रेण धर्मनियमः क्रियते. The main crux of the talk was about the three vikapās that was done in the mahābhāṣya on the word ‘धर्मनियमः’. Many objections were raised by the audience in this regard which were all answered by the speaker.
One of the objections was, ‘why is it not possible to take the meaning of‘parisaṁkhyāvidhiḥ by the word नियमः in the vārtika’. It was refuted by the speaker since there is no ubhayaprāptiḥ which is one of the criteria to consider the parisaṁkhyāvidhiḥ. Another logical argument that was raised was whether it is possible to consider the idea of vyāptiḥ by the word नियमः. It was answered by the speaker that it is possible to take that meaning by the word नियमः but however, in this context, it is better to follow any of the the three different commentaries that was done by the bhāṣyakāra since the idea of vyāptiḥ does not do justice to the context. Many other objections raised from the mimamsa perspective and nyaya perspective were scholarily rejected by the speaker by stating and explaining the logical arguments.
Over 70 people were present and many of them took active participation in the discussions also.
Event 3: Types of Katha According to Nyaya Sutra
The Working Group 1 of the international conference on New Frontiers in Sanskrit and Indic Knowledge (NFSI) organised a talk on ‘Types of Katha According to Nyaya Sutra’ on 18 November 2020, 7:30 pm. The speaker was Shri Srinivas Jammalamadaka, Assistant Professor in the Department of Darshan, at the Kavikulaguru Kalidas Sanskrit University, Ramtek.
An eminent scholar in the traditional pedagogy of Nyaya shastra and Advaita-vedanta shastra, Shri Srinivas Jammalamadaka gave a very structured talk. He expounded on the nature and distinguished attributes of three forms of debate, namely vāda, jalpa and vitaṇḍā. He pointed out how vāda and jalpa are connected with the verbal exchange that takes place in a judicial court.
He also explained the identity of the jhala, jathi and nigrahasthana in a descriptive manner. Cognitive fallacies in the context of verbal dialogue were also explored.